How Are Bite Problems in Children Treated?

childrens bite problems treatedMost bite problems in children are easily reversible with early intervention. Timonium, MD board certified orthodontist Dr. Mohammad Izadi offers an innovative approach to treating myofunctional habits and jaw developmental issues in growing children, such as an overbite, underbite, or open bite. Two-phase orthodontic treatments address the early signs of developing orthodontic concerns. Phased treatment supports healthy speech and jaw development and in many cases prevents the need for more complex treatment later in life.

Phased-orthodontic treatment can help children address developmental concerns early on in life. Early treatment helps to promote lifelong oral health and prevents speech delays and potential social stigmatization later in life. Children with a musculoskeletal imbalance or malocclusion issues benefit from early intervention and phase one treatment.

Types of Bite Problems in Children

A bite problem is an issue with the alignment of the jaw and teeth. An ideal bite involves some overlap of the top jaw by about 25% to allow for optimal functioning, but in some children, the teeth do not touch at all, or the top or bottom jaw is out of alignment. There are three main types of bite problems we commonly see in children:

  • Open Bite: When some or all of the upper and lower teeth do not correctly come into contact with each other, this is called an open bite. This causes a gap between the top and bottom teeth that may lead to speech issues and be embarrassing for children.
  • Overbite: Overbites are a form of malocclusion that causes the top jaw to protrude over the bottom arch of teeth, which can cause damage to other teeth, the gums, and the tongue.
  • Underbite: An underbite is a term for a dental condition where the lower jaw protrudes forward past the upper arch of teeth, which can cause a range of oral health problems in addition to social stigmatization.

Treatment for Children’s Bite Problems Using Two-Phase Orthodontic Treatment

A two-phased approach is designed for children with severe orthodontic problems that cannot be solved in just one period of time with an oral appliance. In phase 1, Dr. Izadi addresses the functional aspects of the teeth and jaw to provide orthodontic care that will support a healthy, stable smile. Phase 1 Treatment typically includes some style of orthodontic appliance, such as palate expanders, sagittal appliances, or Herbst appliances.

After phase 1 treatment, your child will go through a resting period where the normal mouth and teeth development will take place. Dr. Izadi will still continue to monitor your child’s development during this time. When ready, the phase 2 orthodontic treatment can begin. This will most likely entail upper and lower braces and a much shorter treatment time since phase 1 was utilized.

Timonium, MD Orthodontist

Precise analysis and diagnosis helps allow for conservative and precise treatment with lasting results. Izadi Orthodontics will work to build a treatment plan that addresses the structural issues bringing the bite back into alignment for a healthier, more aesthetic smile. Contact our office by phone at (410) 919-9806 or schedule an appointment online today.